Manuscript Letter signed: "your affectionate friend/James" as Lord High Admiral, 1p, 7 ¾ x11 ½. Whitehall (London), 1661 September 13. Addressed on integral leaf " For the Lord Rutherford/Governor of Dunkirke". In full: In answer to your letter considering the Chevalier de Plessis and his prizes I consider it best for you to let the Chevalier de Plessis know that he cannot have any liberty there to break bulk?; and that if the proprietors of his prizes pursued him, that then the Laws and that port must be free for them to prosecute him, and therefore his best way will be to depart with his prizes which till reclaimed you may permit him to do. Both of these views brought him into conflict with Parliament, and resulted in the Glorious Revolution of 1688, whereby James was deposed and replaced on the throne by his Protestant daughter Mary and her husband, William III (of Orange). The second son of King Charles I, beheaded by Parliament in 1649 during the English Civil War, James was exiled in France during the Commonwealth era of Oliver Cromwell. With the Restoration of the monarchy (1660), James' elder brother was recognized as King Charles II, and James reclaimed his childhood titles, including Duke of York. James, who had commanded French and Spanish armies during his exile, also resumed and now exercised the office of Lord High Admiral. Royalist forces had commissioned privateers during the English Civil War. Dunkirk would re-enter English history in 1940 for the successful evacuation of the British Army from France in 1940. When Britain seized New Amsterdam from the Dutch in 1664, the city was renamed New York in honor of James. Albany, New York, takes its name from James' Scottish title, Duke of Albany. Lightly creased, with mailing folds. Proper old repairs to edges of address leaf, not affecting any text. See more material from these signers.
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