AS PRESIDENT, August 24, 1945, The White House Washington stationery, to Lucy Taggart in Gloucester, Massachusetts, in full. Your word of approval and your congratulations are especially pleasing to me. Just over 2 weeks earlier, Truman had ordered the dropping of two atomic bombings over Japan, effectively ending World War II. On August 14, 1945, after the second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, the Japanese surrendered.
World War II, the deadliest conflict in human history, with between 50 and 85 million fatalities, was finally over. Truman announced news of Japan's surrender in a press conference at the White House: This is the day we have been waiting for since Pearl Harbor. This is the day when Fascism finally dies, as we always knew it would. " Jubilant Americans declared August 14 "Victory over Japan Day, " or "V-J Day. " May 8, 1945 - when the Allies accepted Nazi Germany's official surrender - had previously been dubbed "Victory in Europe Day, " or "V-E Day.Lucy Taggart was married to Tom Taggart - the son of the former Mayor of Indianapolis. They were a prominent Indiana family and longtime friends of Truman. Lucy had been the sponsor of the USS Indianapolis. Given the date of this letter and the connection to Taggart, we contacted the Truman Library seeking a copy of the original letter which prompted Truman's response. The original 3-page handwritten letter is undated but it is noted at top right that it was acknowledged on 8/24/45 the date of the TLS. America is very proud of the splendid role which you have played in the greatest crisis in our history. Unanimous approval is evident on all sides - even the most hide-bound Republicans have a look of wonder on their faces and smiling approval when your name is mentioned.
How generous you were to allow the news men and women to announce the victory! The joy of last night is clouded today by the news of the terrible fate of the Cruiser'Indianapolis' which I had the honor to christen. With warmest good wishes I remain, Mr. The Taggart letter helps demonstrate the importance of Truman's letter offered here.She clearly is congratulating Truman on ending the conflict, but most importantly, specifically references the Atomic Bomb. She also notes the significance of the USS Indianapolis.
Completed a top-secret high-speed trip to deliver parts of Little Boy, the first nuclear weapon ever used in combat, to the United States Army Air Force Base on the island of Tinian, and subsequently departed for the Philippines on training duty. And sank in 12 minutes. The remaining 890 faced exposure, dehydration, saltwater poisoning, and shark attacks while stranded in the open ocean with few lifeboats and almost no food or water. The Navy only learned of the sinking four days later, when survivors were spotted by the crew of a PV-1 Ventura on routine patrol. Letters of Truman directly referencing the Atomic Bomb are exceedingly rare - and most of those few that exist are from years later.Letters from August 1945 are seldom seen, especially with the evidence that Truman is acknowledging congratulations on his use of the weapons to end the war. We authored the Presidential Autographs chapter in the 7th Edition of The Sanders Autograph Price Guide. We guarantee the authenticity of this item with our written certification, without time limit. We are full-time autograph dealers specializing in Presidential, Historical and Sports collectibles. Additional information and/or images gladly sent promptly.
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